Items are summed to provide a whole score between 5 (lowest satisfaction) in order to 35 (highest satisfaction)

Items are summed to provide a whole score between 5 (lowest satisfaction) in order to 35 (highest satisfaction)

Pleasure Having Existence

Life fulfillment (Diener et al., 1985) “try mentioned for the Pleasure that have Lives Scale (SWLS), created by Diener et al. (1985) and modified by the Juczynski (1999), and therefore analyzes the newest cognitive aspect of SWB. The newest SWLS include five things rated because of the a beneficial respondent playing with a good eight-section measure, ranging from ‘strongly disagree’ (1) to help you ‘strongly agree’ (7). Take to facts include “I am satisfied with new requirements off my life” and you will “Up to now, I have acquired the main some thing I want in daily life.” New Polish form of new SWLS had revealed test-retest accuracy (0.86), interior surface-Cronbach’s leader (0.81), and discriminant validity (up 0.50)” (Juczynski, 1999).


The Kutcher Adolescent Depression Scale (KADS) (Brooks et al., 2003) “is a commonly used screening test used to identify young people at risk for depression. It is a self-report scale specifically designed to diagnosis and assess the severity of adolescent depression. The KADS consists of six items rated by a respondent using a four-point scale, ranging from ‘hardly ever’ (0) to ‘all of the time’ (3). Validation of the Polish version of KADS in a group of students aged 18–24 years has shown its high reliability and content validity. Confirmatory factor analysis showed the good fit of model to empirical data: SB ? ( 15 ) 2 = , p < 0.001, RMSEA = 0.053, CFI = 0.958, SRMR = 0.029. Factor loading ranged from 0.40 to 0.80. Total score ranged from 0 to 18” (Mojs et al., 2015).


The hornet hile apk Imagined Stress Measure (PSS) “is one of commonly used psychological software having computing this new impact regarding fret (Cohen mais aussi al., 1983). Which level was created to measure the studies to which respondents get a hold of its lifestyle unpredictable, unmanageable, and overloading. It uses an excellent ten-items measure of the degree that factors when you look at the your existence are appraised given that exhausting. Overall level rating try determined from the opposite-rating definitely worded circumstances right after which summing every ten items. The possibility range of viewpoints on the full scale get try 0–40. Advertised precision are 0.91 into the college and you can area products and you can 0.88 during the a sample which have early kids (Yarcheski and Mahon, 1999). The latest PSS has been used within the a selection of options and you will has been proven to relate with an abundance of psychological answers, together with anxiety and you can depressive symptoms. The new Shine variety of the PSS got found shot-retest accuracy (0.72), interior structure-Cronbach’s alpha (0.86)” (Juczynski and you may Oginska-Bulik, 2012).

Build Validity

To evaluate to own validity service, correlations was basically determined within RS?14 as well as the pleasure-with-lifestyle measure SWLS, along with to your three subscales of your own anxiety measure KADS and with the Seen Fret Size (PSS) about try out-of young adults and also in the brand new try off the team which have unique demands. Answers are found in Desk six.

To begin with, sure-enough, life satisfaction try definitely and you may notably associated with the resilience (RS-14) in both the students people and you may unique means organizations. Subsequently, despair and perceived be concerned (PSS) was in fact adversely and you may notably synchronised which have strength throughout the teenagers category. Furthermore, negative correlations have been observed regarding the dimension-of-despair scale KADS (sadness, decreased faith, real fatigue, feeling of stiffness regarding life, anxieties, and you can suicide out of advice). Finally, depression is negatively and moderately correlated that have strength regarding the classification having special needs.


Considering the feeling from resilience regarding individual and you can social creativity out-of childhood, and you will because of the associated expanding interest in resilience findings in principle and exercise, so it current investigation is actually impelled in order to statement related validation statistics playing with the new tips of your Size RS-14 (Wagnild, 2009a) during the Polish population of young people. Which methodological browse checked the concept of resilience from the verifying the RS-fourteen having the average society regarding teens (old thirteen–17 years) and young adults (many years 19–27 age) and you will subsequently by investigating validation in the example of young people with unique needs and you may socially maladjusted culprits that for the academic, therapeutic, probation centers (aged 13–18 many years). It’s been not having so far, and that which lack will bring help to possess diagnostics on the planet in Poland as well as in future all over the world look regarding your RS-14 (find Desk seven).